Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) for Eids

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1. Greeting the Eid with takbirs

Prophet Muhammad  (ﷺ) was saying takbirs in the day of Arafa from the sunset to the Eid al-Fitr prayer. As a matter of fact, Allah says in the Qur’an as follows:  …وَلِتُكْمِلُواْ الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُواْ اللّهَ عَلَى مَا هَدَاكُمْ … “ …Allah wants ease and not hardship for you so that you may complete the number of days required, praise Allah for what He has guided you to, and give thanks to Him…” (Surah al Baqarah 2/185)

2. Performing a full ablution

Prophet Muhammad  (ﷺ) was performing a full ablution on the day of Arafa and before the eid salah. Also, He recommended the household perform a full ablution in these days.

3. Wearing nice and neat clothes

4. Wearing perfume

5. Brushing teeth with  miswak

6. Eating dates before the Eid al-Fitr salat; Not eating anything unless returning from Eid al-Adha salat

Prophet Muhammad  (ﷺ) did not leave his house without having a few dates in  Eid al-Fitr. Usually, he ate an odd number of dates like one, three, or five. He did not eat anything unless he returned from Eid al-Adha salat.

7. Walking to the place where the Eid salah is performed

8. Using a different path when going to and coming back from the prayer place

9. Smiling

10. Giving charity

11. Performing the Eid Salah and listening to the sermon

12. Praying for the barakah of the Eid day and to be free of sins and participating in the others’ prayers.

14. Performing a two-rakat salah after Eid salah

15. Celebrating with his companions

16. Visiting people at their homes

17. Hosting guests and offering food, drink, etc. to them

18. Making children happy, especially orphans and the poor 

19. Saying takbir (Allahu Akbar Allahu akbar, Lâ ilâhe illallahu vallahu Akbar. Allahu akbar ve lillahi’l-hamd), tahlil (Lâ ilâhe illallah) and tahmid (Alhamdulillah)

20. Reviving the eid nights (with salah, prayer, and dhikr)


References:

Sahih al-Bukhari

Muwatta’, Îdeyn 1; Ahmed İbn Hanbal, Musnad 4/79 (16840)

İbn Majah, İkâmetü’s-salavât, Siyâm

Tirmidhi, Cum’a

İbn-i Majah, Zakat 68

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