Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) for Eids

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1. Greeting the Eid with takbirs

The Prophet Muhammad  (ﷺ) was saying takbirs in the day of Arafa from the sunset to the Eid al-Fitr prayer. As a matter of fact, Allah states in the Qur’an as follows:  …وَلِتُكْمِلُواْ الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُواْ اللّهَ عَلَى مَا هَدَاكُمْ … “ … Allah wants ease and not hardship for you so that you may complete the number of days required, praise Allah for what He has guided you to, and give thanks to Him…” (Surah al-Baqarah 2/185).

2. Performing a full ablution

The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) was performing a full ablution on the day of Arafa and before the Eid Prayer. Also, he recommended the household perform a full ablution in these days.

3. Wearing nice and neat clothes

4. Wearing fragrance

5. Brushing teeth with miswak

6. Eating dates before the Eid al-Fitr Prayer; not eating anything unless returning from Eid al-Adha Prayer

The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) did not leave his house without having a few dates in the Eid al-Fitr. Usually, he ate an odd number of dates like one, three, or five. He did not eat anything unless he returned from Eid al-Adha Prayer.

7. Walking to the place where the Eid Prayer is observed

8. Using a different path when going to and coming back from the prayer place

9. Smiling

10. Giving charity

11. Performing the Eid Prayer and listening to the sermon

12. Praying for the blessings of the eid day and to be free of sins and participating in the others’ prayers

14. Performing a two-rakah Prayer after the Eid Prayer

15. Celebrating with his Companions

16. Visiting people at their homes

17. Hosting guests and offering food, drink, etc. to them

18. Making children happy, especially orphans and the poor 

19. Saying takbir (Allahu akbar Allahu akbar, la ilaha illallahu wallahu akbar, Allahu akbar wa lillahi’l-hamd), tahlil (la ilahe illallah) and tahmid (alhamdulillah)

20. Reviving the eid nights (with salah, prayer, and dhikr)


Sahih al-Bukhari

Muwatta’, Eidayn 1; Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad 4/79 (16840)

Ibn Majah, Iqamatu’s-Salawat, Siyam

Tirmidhi, Jumu’ah

Ibn Majah, Zakah 68

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